The leaves and buds of the marijuana plant are used to produce a wide range of products, including hemp fibers (hemp), cannabis oil (a type of concentrated resin that has many industrial uses), THC in various forms, and hashish. Marijuana is sometimes called weed or cannabis. It’s important to understand that while there are significant legal differences between Canada, the United States, and other nations where organized crime has taken hold
Even if you live in a place where marijuana is legal, there may be age limitations, and your kid could face legal consequences. You should be ready to have a talk with your youngster about the dangers of using or selling cannabis while underage.
Cannabis plants have palmate leaves with serrated leaflets, which you might recognize from popular art. While plants with similar foliage may have a different pattern of serration, Cannabis has one that is unique.
The marijuana plants have evolved considerably in recent years as a result of selective breeding. There are numerous distinct varieties of marijuana plants, each with its own set of features:
- Indica plants tend to have larger, heavier buds when flowering and have short, wider leaves. This type of plant is native to Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India.
- Another kind of plant that generates long, thin-flowered varieties is the Sativa. They have long, thin leaves and are typically found in hot, dry regions. They may reach 12 feet or more in height and are mostly seen in arid environments.
- Hybrid plants are often grown in greenhouses or on farms and are a combination of Indica and Sativa strains. Their exact appearance depends on the specific plants used to produce them.
- Hemp plants have thick, branching stalks and oversized leaves that resemble those of other cannabis species. Hemp has thicker leaves, fewer branches, and grows considerably taller than marijuana plants. Despite the fact that hemp is a type of cannabis plant, it contains less than 0.3 percent THC, the psychotropic component present in cannabis plants.
Important Dates for Growing Marijuana Outdoors
The Spring Equinox is a good reminder that it’s time to start germinating your seeds if you haven’t already, as many growers begin propagating seeds in February and March in order to have big plants by the end of the season.
Some farmers wait until after Mother’s Day in May to bring their plants outside. Just make sure that all of your plants are outside by the Summer Solstice at the latest.
As your plants fatten up with delicious, gooey buds, the weather will begin to change and the sun will be setting in the sky. It may be tempting, but the Fall Equinox is when you should start harvesting. It’ll be determined by your climate and the year; it might happen a day or two before or after.
Everything should be cleaned, dried, and curing by Thanksgiving in some places, if not Halloween. It’s time to make your own cannabutter, topicals, or tinctures with all of that trim from the harvest as winter approaches. Take a seat and relax; it’s been a long year!
Notes on Marijuana Growth Phases
We can’t emphasize enough that the timeframes in the preceding graph are representative only. You’ll need to alter them depending on your geographic location and local weather and climate.
Keep a grow journal to track the development of your plants. Looking back on your notes can assist you in avoiding future blunders and maximizing the quality and amount of your buds next year.
How to Care for a Marijuana Plant in the Vegetative Stage
The vegetative stage is the time period when cannabis plants grow up and move out of the seedling stage. They’ll even want to go out and be transplanted into a larger container. The root network of a weed plant may expand when it’s moved into a bigger container, allowing it to develop fully.
Marijuana plants will require more water as they get bigger, and nutrients should be given to them, but they are not required early in the vegetative stage. Indoor growers generally start a nutrient program at this point, but if you’re growing outdoors, it’ll be simpler to wait until you transplant your cannabis outside and into the dirt, where you can combine fertilizer with the soil.
Top your plants to encourage them to extend out, instead of up, after several weeks. Don’t worry about cutting off the top of your plant; it’ll pay off in the long run if you give it equal amounts of light throughout.
To prevent shaded-out buds, you can start pruning now to remove dead leaves and branches. You may also trim your plant down to focus its efforts on producing bigger, better buds that will receive more light, resulting in greater yield.
It’s a good idea to build a trellis, or scrog, for your cannabis plants in order to give them support. This will also allow more light to reach the plant and result in greater yields, as well as allowing more airflow by opening up the plant.
How to Care for a Flowering Weed Plant
Before entering flower, marijuana plants should be set up in most cases. You don’t want to shift the plants around at all throughout bloom. Cannabis plants should be prepared as follows before blooming:
- Transplanted into their final pots (or the ground)
- Done topping
- In a trellis or scrog
You can prune marijuana plants a few weeks into flowering, but after that it’s too late. Cannabis plants will become desperately thirsty in flower as they expand in weight and develop buds, so you’ll need to provide more water. Keep track of your watering dates and give them water on a regular basis.
If you’re growing cannabis plants indoors, instead of “soil,” use nutrients called bloom nutrients – phosphorus and potassium-rich compounds for bud development. You may also add these substances to outdoor plants if you haven’t already. Keep an eye on your marijuana plants and make sure they don’t have any nutrient shortages.
Growing cannabis plants inside will necessitate a change in their light cycle to 12 hours each day. If you’re growing outdoors, the bloom period begins in mid-to-late August. Before trimming down your plants, remember to water them just once or twice before allowing them to dry completely.